Replace, Recapitalize, Reset and Reconstitute
Story by Pfc. Crystal D. Eldridge
13th SC(E) Public Affairs
For more than three years, the nation has been waging a global war on terrorism. Over time, the hardships of this war have taken their toll on men and women in uniform - as well as their equipment.
The Army has instituted a program to ensure this equipment - used in the Iraq and Afghanistan theaters of operations - is in working order upon return to the U.S. and various units. The 13th Sustainment Command's 4th Corps Materiel Management Center plays a significant role in fulfilling this obligation for active duty units on Fort Hood.
The program as a whole is known as Reset. Reset is a term that represents a series of actions taken to restore units to a desired level of combat capability in accordance with mission requirements and available resources, according to Maj. Gen. William M. Lenaers, commander of the Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Life Cycle Management Command and former commander of the 13th Corps Support Command, and Maj. Brent D. Coryell, aide to the commanding general of the TACOM LCMC.
There are four main components to the Reset program: replace, recapitalize, reset and reconstitute.
Equipment which has been completely destroyed due to battle damage, or which the Army finds unfeasible to repair, can be completely replaced.
In the recapitalization process, equipment's useful life is restored, and damage and stress caused by the deployment are removed.
For equipment which requires extensive work or repairs that cannot be done at the field level, it may be repaired at the national level by a contractor, the directorate of logistics or the Army's industrial base. This part of the process is known as reset.
The 4th CMMC takes part in the fourth component - reconstitution. Reconstitution is work performed to correct equipment faults and may be carried out by Soldiers or by civilians who have been contracted out to assist in the overall Reset process.
The CMMC's main role in the reconstitution process is reporting and tracking equipment in the program and ensuring equipment is in working order in a timely manner, said Maj. Vernon E. Jakoby, of the 4th CMMC, who acts as chief of the Reset Operations Center for III Corps and Fort Hood.
Following Operation Iraqi Freedom II, the 4th CMMC processed approximately 70,000 pieces of equipment, from individually assigned weapons to heavy equipment such as High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles and tanks.
The center handles roughly 25 contracts with agencies funded to provide repairs to equipment.
In 2005 alone, nearly $300,000,000 changed hands to provide these repairs for Fort Hood units, with the 4th CMMC overseeing the transactions, added Jakoby.
Which raises another issue - cost.
"The plan to reset the Army is not cheap," said Gen. Richard A. Cody in a statement before the Subcommittee on Military Readiness, House of Representatives, on reconstitution operations, in October 2003, "(but) the investment will pay off for we will have a force of sustainable, modernized equipment that will allow us to meet our global commitments now and in the future."
To alleviate some of the costs of reconstitution, many of the parts needed for various repairs are picked up and delivered by Soldiers within the 13th SC(E), said Paul M. Habhab, Reset Reconstitution Chief of the Interim Readiness Management Center, who works closely with the 4th CMMC in the reset process.
Soldiers of the 602nd Maintenance Company further relieve the costs of reconstitution by performing maintenance on a number of pieces of equipment, from night vision goggles to HMMWVs, said Jakoby.
However, there are a limited number of Soldiers in the company and the timeline for reconstitution stands at approximately 180 days. Due to the time restrictions, many pieces of equipment must be delivered to offsite service providers, Jakoby added. Following OIF II, the 602nd repaired 42 HMMWVs, while more than 200 were contracted out.
All the while, Soldiers of the 4th CMMC keep track of this equipment to ensure its readiness to be returned to the Soldiers who will need it again for future exercises and deployments.
To add to their workload, many of these Soldiers are preparing to deploy with the 13th SC(E) headquarters. While preparing for this deployment, they are transferring their responsibilities to members of the IRMC.
The IRMC will provide logistics capabilities to III Corps and Fort Hood units for reset operations, property accountability for equipment not taken on deployments, and will provide management for supply and maintenance of these units while the 4th CMMC is deployed.
Soldiers of the 13th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary) perform maintenance on tactical vehicles to ensure their readiness before returning them to use.