Fort Hood, Texas

...The Great Place

   

Camp Hood Retained; Renamed Fort Hood

Fort Hood sign

Editor’s note: This article ran in the 50th Anniversary Sentinel Special Supplement.

After the end of World War II, South Camp Hood was found suitable for postwar retention, but North Hood was not. North Camp Hood was deactivated and converted into a National Guard and Reserve training area.

South Camp Hood was retained and two armored divisions were moved here in January 1946, the 2nd and the 20th. The 20th was deactivated in April 1946, but the 2nd Armored Division became the post’s main unit.

The end of World War II resulted in a shortage of funds for the military as Congress authorizes some $12 billion to finance the Marshall Plan as the United States extended aid to Europe, activites at Camp Hood were curtailed severely.

The one area that did get an influx of funds was the creation of an airfield west of Camp Hood.

On Nov. 18, 1946, the construction of a new airfield was announced.

The airfield was constructed to handle any size aircraft and was turned over to the Air Force in the service reorganization in 1947.

The era of 1945-48 was a time of limited construction and rennovation on the post.

Since most of the thousands of buildings constructed during the war were designed to be only temporary buildings with at best a five-year life span, most were falling apart at this point.

Camp Hood was officially renamed Fort Hood after the efforts of Congressman Poage and some local citizens on April 15, 1950. The beginning of the Korean war on June 24, 1950, provided the opportunity to rennovate and expand Fort Hood.

Some of the units of the 2nd Armored Division were sent to Korea, while others were ordered to training the mobilized reservists and other recruits desperately needed. In anticipation of the need for more troops in Korea and to face the Soviet Union, the army reactivated the 1st Armored Division at Fort Hood on March 7, 1951.

1st Armored Division was still training to become a combat-ready division. The first ten years of Camp/Fort Hood was one of much change with the arrival and departure of many units, commanders, soldiers and civilians.

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